Andy Warhol, born as Andrew Warhola, created a form of art called pop art. Pop art is where the pieces of art depict everyday items and represent them with a twist of popular artistry. Warhol also practiced printmaking, filmmaking and had a career in illustrating. Andy Warhol was and remains to be a very popular artist, his paintings selling for a ridiculous amount of money. One even went for $100 million, a feat only achieved by a handful of artists before and after him.

Studying commercial art at the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) was a good fit for Warhol. But once he moved to New York City in 1949, his career really took off. He became a magazine illustrator and started in advertising. He was hired to design album covers and other materials for record labels, earning the title of a freelance artist. Warhol’s successful career as an illustrator created a great foundation for a great artist.

Warhol’s one-man art gallery exhibit in 1962 is known as the debut of pop art in the USA. The exhibit was held in the Ferus Gallery of Los Angeles. His first exhibit in New York took place at Eleanor Ward’s Stable Gallery later that same year. Marilyn Diptych, 100 Soup Cans, 100 Coke Bottles and 100 Dollar Bills, to name a few, were some of the most popular items of the exhibit.

Everyone knows about the famous Cambell’s soup can paintings done by Andy Warhol. Along with the coca-cola bottles and soup cans, Warhol also painted iconic people of the time as well such as Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley and Elizabeth Taylor. Once Warhol founded The Factory, painting and creating became easier than it already was for him. He started making silkscreen prints, most of which were extremely controversial to put it mildly. That was his taste.

In 1964 the exhibit The American Supermarket was held in the Upper East Side of Manhattan, New York. The exhibit represented a normal grocery store, all except for the fact that everything in it was created by pop artists like himself. Andy Warhol’s Soup Can sold for about $1,500.

On June 3, 1968, there was an attempt on Andy Warhol’s life. Valerie Solanas shot him right at his studio. It’s not understood why Solanas would have done something like that, especially on such a great pop artist, but it is said that Solanas was at the studio earlier to retrieve her script, but someone had lost it. Warhol almost died from the attack. For the rest of his life, it is thought that his physical health was impaired by the effects of that attack. Solanas was arrested and sentenced to three years imprisonment. The reason this is a little known fact is that the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy that took place a couple of days later, kind of knocked this story out of the news.

Andy Warhol was well known for being asexual and prude. But this was not really the case. Warhol was gay and several of his paintings involved men in the nude. A large number of his films were shown in gay porn theaters, no matter the content. Warhol died in his sleep from a sudden heart attack in New York City on February 22, 1987. He was buried back home, in Pittsburgh, in an open casket ceremony.

According to his will, Warhol wanted to donate almost everything he had to create a foundation dedicated to the advancement of the visual arts. The foundation, named the Andy Warhol Foundation for the visual Arts, was created in 1987, just like Andy wished.

Andy Warhol did his pieces on many types of media. He used blotted ink drawings, cartoons, films such as Empire (1964), drawings and even computer programming. He wrote books, recorded audio tapes, created a time capsule and ran theater shows. His photography skills are still today considered amazing pieces of art. Very multi talented.
When Warhol painted, Warhol painted. He’d pick the subject and follow the thought through to other pictures. For example, he painted Marilyn Monroe’s lips but then continued to paint her whole person as well. He also did several versions of the electric chair and the Campbell’s Soup Cans.

As Andy Warhol grew older, his personality grew more and more eccentric. He’d produce more and more works of art that featured gay and / or nude men. His sexuality is still in question today, even though it has been pretty much proved he was a homosexual.

If he had been alive today he would have been a regular top artist but considering the time in which he lived his image, work and sexuality was considered taboo. It is worth considering how difficult achieving all he did must have been in those times, being who he was and without all of our mass social and online media technology that we have to advertise ourselves today. His works fetching the sums of money that they did was no mean feat and for these reasons he is still one of the most famous names in the art world today.

verb transitive opisywać, przedstawiać, odmalowywać + sb/sth as a… – kogoś/coś jako…

I noun ling. zdanie ; sentencja, powiedzenie ; prawn. wyrok ; prawn. kara
II verb transitive prawn. skazywać

adjective zabawny, śmieszny (człowiek, sytuacja itp.) ; bezsensowny, niedorzeczny, absurdalny, bzdurny (np. plan działania, pomysł, plan itp.)

I verb transitive odzyskiwać +sth – coś (np. ukradziony samochód, zagubione obrazy itp.) ; odebrać (np. stracone pieniądze) ; otrzymywać zwrot +sth – czegoś ; powetować (np. przegraną, straty itp.) ; poprawiać (np. portfel akcji) ; naprawiać (np. błędy) ; wskrzeszać (np. stare wspomnienia, zapomnianą miłość itp.) ; wyciągać (np. kogoś z tarapatów, problemów itp.) ; wywikłać (np. polityka ze skandalu) ; wyswobadzać (np. zwierzę z sideł) ; ratować (np. rozbitka) ; wybawiać (np. kogoś z opresji) ; aportować (o psie)
II verb intransitive aportować (o psie, np. podczas polowania)
III noun odzyskanie ; możliwość odzyskania ; możliwość wyzdrowienia
noun ulepszenie ; rozwój (np. wiedzy) ; awans ; poruszanie się naprzód
I verb transitive reklamować, ogłaszać ; przyciągać uwagę ; uprzedzać, ostrzegać
II verb intransitive przyciągać uwagę (do produktu, oferty) ; ogłaszać, szukać przez ogłoszenie (np. w gazecie)
noun artyzm, sztuka, mistrzostwo
adjective bezpłciowy ; aseksualny
noun tusz robiący plamy, kleksy
I noun kapsułka (np. witamin) ; kapsuła kosmiczna ; podsumowanie, krótkie streszczenie
II adjective bardzo skondensowany, skrócony (np. opis) ; bardzo mały, kompaktowy
III verb transitive zamknąć w kapsule ; podsumować (np. wiadomości)
adjective kontrowersyjny (np. film, artykuł, działanie) ; sporny (np. punkt rokowań) ; polemiczny (np. debata) ; dyskusyjny (np. kwestia)
I verb transitive wystawiać, pokazywać (na widok publiczny) ; dać dowód czemuś (np. swojemu talentowi) ; prawn. dostarczyć, wykazywać dowody
II verb intransitive wystawić coś na widok publiczny
III noun eksponat, okaz muzealny ; pokaz, wystawa ; prawn. dowód rzeczowy
noun kręcenie filmów, robienie filmów
noun założenie, ufundowanie (np. instytucji) ; podstawa, baza, fundament ; podwalina (np. wiedzy, interesu) ; oparcie

I noun człowiek wolnego zawodu, nieetatowy pracownik ; pot. wolny strzelec
II adjective niezależny (np. reporter, fotograf, polityk)
III adverb jako wolny strzelec
IV verb intransitive pracować jako wolny strzelec (np. na umowę zlecenie)

noun sklep spożywczy

adjective odnoszący się do ikony, będący ikoną ; ikoniczny (np. sztuka)
noun ilustrator (-ka)
noun techn. rytownictwo
noun osoba pruderyjna, osoba udająca skromność, świętoszek

I adjective normalny, zwyczajny ; symetryczny (np. układ zębów) ; ułożony według zasad ; metodologiczny, dobrze zaplanowany ; regularny, okresowy, systematyczny (np. płatności) ; pojawiający się w równych odstępach czasu ; stały ; odpowiedni, zgodny z wymaganiami (np. kandydat)
II noun członek duchowieństwa ; żołnierz zawodowy ; zwolennik (np. partii politycznej) ; rozmiar (dla osób o regularnej budowie ciała) ; stały klient

verb transitive pogarszać, umniejszać, osłabiać
noun szt. techn. sitodruk
I verb transitive skręcać (np. nitki, liny) ; owijać (wokół czegoś) ; przeplatać (np. włosy kwiatami) ; przepychać się ; przekręcać (np. głowę w danym kierunku) ; ukręcić, odkręcić (np. butelkę) ; wykrzywiać (np. usta) ; wypaczać (np. znaczenie, umysł) ; nadawać ruch obrotowy, rotować
II verb intransitive być lub stać się skręconym ; obracać się w innym kierunku
III noun skręt, zwój (np. zawijane pieczywo, obierka z owoców) ; rotacja ; zakręt ; zwrot (np. w akcji, szczęściu) ; grymas twarzy ; muz. twist (taniec)
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